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Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Back Pain - The Pain Specialists

Almost every person has experienced the problem of back pain once in their life either for a short term or a long term. This is due to the hectic life style of the people along with unlimited working hours and bad postures.

Back pain can be a result of an accident or injury or surgery procedure or any other medical condition. Back pain affects more in the growing age because the younger people tend to have a better cushioned discs to support the jerks in the spinal cord.

Many people are in search of some remedies for pain relief for back pain. The entire back pain theory revolves around the spinal cord, nerves around and the lower back muscles.

What are the Causes of Back Pain?

The human spinal cord is a complex structure comprising of muscles, discs, ligaments, bones and tendons. All these help in the flexibility of the spinal cord. There are various causes of a back pain. Let's have a look at them.

Strain is the major cause of back pain

  • Strain is the major cause of back pain
  • Damaged or slipped disc
  • Muscle tension
  • Fractures, injuries or any surgeries

Structural Causes

  • Ruptured disc will insert pressure on the nerves resulting in back pain
  • Bulging disc is another reason for back pain
  • The excruciating pain of sciatica is a major cause of lower back pain
  • Arthritis decreases the space between the spinal cords giving rise to back pain
  • Kidney problems can also lead to back pain

Body Posture

  • Long sitting or standing hours
  • Continuous coughing & sneezing
  • Too much exercising
  • Muscle tension
  • Heavy weight lifting, pulling & pushing
  • Straining the neck while working or driving
  • Sleeping on a too hard or too soft mattress

Other Causes

  • Infection in spinal cord
  • Cancer in spinal cord
  • Sleeping disorders
  • Kidney or pelvic infection

What are the symptoms of back pain?

The major symptom of back pain is the shooting pain in the back or in the legs or the buttocks. Others are:

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Swelling or inflammation in the lower back
  • Persistent pain and fever
  • Pain in the legs and knees

What are the Treatment Options?

There are various treatment options available for back pain

  • Over the counter medicines as prescribed by pain care physicians
  • Physical Therapy like ice and heat packs, ultrasound, etc.
  • Cortisone Injections if the above methods are not effective
  • Traction like weights and pulleys
  • Botox or botulism toxin for reducing pain

These were the brief pointers about the causes, symptoms and treatment for the problem of back pain. Though, most of them get cured by medications and proper bed rest. However it is advised to consult pain care physicians as soon as possible to avoid any complications in the future. They can suggest proper remedies and exercises that can help ease the problem so that the person can get rid of the pain and lead a normal and healthy life free from pain.

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